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In the opening lines (in the first number’d section) of “The Distance”—in Lyn Hejinian’s two-poem book Saga / Circus (Omnidawn, 2008)—is an implicit nod to William Carlos Williams’s “no ideas but in things” follow’d by an emphatic (and rather uncharacteristically petulant (a foot-stomp for Hejinian)) dismissal of the powers of metaphor:
Knowledge grows  But it has to be connected to things. That connection is usually best achieved  So they say Through perceiving similarities. No way!

Why, then, is the poem chock’d full of figure? Nigh immediately one encounters “forbidding clouds of hemlock and pine, a forest that was / Like a terrestrial sky.” If the story is a particularly gender’d one of a woman “Banned from ships as if I were fate / Herself”—note the personification in the opening lines—for whom “it came about / That the ban to my surprise was lifted / Suddenly one fall / And I went to sea after all,” is something being suggest’d regarding the gendering of perception? And what exactly is it?  2. I start’d with “The Distance.” (I’d read—and heard Hejinian read—some parts of “Lola”—the “Circus” part of Saga / Circus in the Belladonna-print’d chapbook of that title. It—the look of it—is Williamsesque, too: the Williams of the jumbled chapters of the experimental prose works, Spring and All or Kora in Hell or The Great American Novel.)  3. Is it “merely accidental” that “The Distance” comprised thirty-seven number’d sections? Hejinian’sMy Life in its first (Burning Deck) version contain’d thirty-seven chapters (each of thirty-seven sentences). 4. Hejinian makes it plain in “The Distance”’s second part that if—in the new found world of the ship (the ship, too, named The Distance)—things seem knowable with a kind of animated immediacy (“The planet seems young—raucous, ravenous, quick, and wet. The planet exists / With gusto. Things fall to it and sink, things are rooted in it / And rise,” it is the emotions (“Obscure emotions”) that remain beyond the epistemological horizon, veil’d, undefinable. Hejinian:

                It’s impossible  To clear the way and come within  Sight of my subject. Obscure  Emotions cling to it—obscuring emotions. The analytical imagination Naturally undertakes analysis of the imagination  While the emotional imagination does what, emote? I’ve tried to give emotions  The slip By attributing them to other people  Named Felix, Sasha, Nils, Miroire, and when a new one  Rises I will call it Sam  Or Angelique, an iffy strategy  At best.

5. Is the problem one of knowing one’s emotions, or of knowing oneself (and the world) without the emotions interceding, without the emotional “pull” that deflects (and contorts) the knowing?  6. Late in the poem—in the thirty-sixth section—there’s a rather disturbing reply to the “iffy strategy” of naming (and mustn’t it, too, “apply” to metaphorical larking, knowing things by similarity?) Emotion, in Hejinian’s terms, comes to seem a void:

There’s only an inside to an emotion, there’s nothing On it to grasp, nothing To be seen of it, it’s nothing But a structure without a form, a structure incapable of producing  A form, I feel all that I feel but there’s nothing  There, nothing  Could be there: an emotion is held In an absence together only With the strength of an interior—anterior—presence.

I hear Cordelia / Lear in the repeat’d “nothing”—both Lear’s “Nothing will come of nothing” andCordelia’s “I cannot heave / My heart into my mouth.” There is, too, something of the same thrillingintegrity to Hejinian’s lines (here and elsewhere), thrilling in a poetry world of Gonerils and Regans.  7. Too, I hear John Ashbery (particularly the Ashbery of “Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror”). Think of lines like these:

                                and the thoughts That peel off and fly away at breathless speeds Like the last stubborn leaves ripped From wet branches? I see in this only the chaos Of your round mirror which organizes everything Around the polestar of your eyes which are empty, Know nothing, dream but reveal nothing. I feel the carousel starting slowly And going faster and faster: desk, papers, books, Photographs of friends, the window and the trees Merging in one neutral band that surrounds Me on all sides, everywhere I look. And I cannot explain the action of leveling, Why it should all boil down to one Uniform substance, a magma of interiors.

Put that next to, say, these lines of Hejinian (out of section XXIV):

We are a tilted species  Dipping and lunging forward, swinging our baskets Of eggs, stuck to our shadows Which gravity in turn sticks to life Throughout the long days that night disarrays. The fog is taking shape, it is forming Gulls and longshoremen, dolphins and cities  It sweeps from a sliding circle Whose circumference lies beyond the edges of the field  Of vision by which we are engulfed. It leaps From under a sheet and mumbles a sound that might have been a word— It was probably not.

8. Hejinian’s working a terrific line, one that’s willing to go “out” to magnificent ends, or stop short, break off, entirely, blissfully flexible. I want to call it a glacial line—it picks up everything in its path (and’s capable of eventually depositing it anywhere). Never compell’d before to attend to the line-breaks: here, the highly enjamb’d lines work up ambiguity, irony, wonder, by turns. “But I am throwing off conviction, bound / To regard the sea.”  9. Troubling, still, the workings of metaphor. If Hejinian (presumably attempting to plumb an emotional state, or identify with it) writes—in a whole slew of quick-outing “feelings” (disbelief, ambivalence, scorn) in section X—of:

               thinking of the hateful Regret rescued from a log somewhere  Off Tierra del Fuego three years ago and now Confined to a stinking cage Which she (Jane thinks she’s female) filthies (she even shits  In her water dish) and into which I stare Without being able to discover any grounds at all For affinity.

And it continues, later—“we are stuck / With Regret”—and I want to ask how that’s any different from, say, John Bunyan’s Christian allegory Pilgrim’s Progress with Hypocrisy (companion of Formalist) or Timorous (companion of Mistrust) or Pliable trying to avoid the Slough of Despond?