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Doreski, C. K. "From News to History: Robert Abbott and Carl Sandburg Read the 1919 Chicago Riot." African American Review 26.4 (Winter 1992): 637-50.

Epstein, Joseph. "'The People's Poet.'" Commentary May 1992: 47-52.

International Socialist Review 15-18 (July 1914-Feb. 1918).

Jones, Llewellyn. First Impressions: Essays on Poetry, Criticism, and Prosody. 1925. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries, 1968.

Kostelnick, Charles. "Sandburg, Futurism, and the Aesthetics of Urban Dynamism." American Poetry 8 (Fall 1990): 46-56.

Miracle, Faith B. "Carl Sandburg and the Steichens: The Wisconsin Years." Wisconsin Academy Review 34.3 (June 1988): 4-10.

Nash, N. Frederick, and Gwenna Weshinsky. "Carl Sandburg and The Day Book." American Book Collector 3.6 (Nov.-Dec. 1982): 23-34. [Bibliography of Sandburg's Day Book publications.]

Nelson, Cary. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory, 1910-1945. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1989.

Nielsen, Aldon. Reading Race: White American Poets and the Racial Discourse in the Twentieth Century. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1988.

Niven, Penelope. Carl Sandburg: A Biography. New York: Scribner's, 1991.

Reid, Robert L. "The Day Book Poems of Carl Sandburg." Old Northwest 9.3 (Fall 1983): 205-18.

Sandburg, Carl. The American Songbag. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1927.

----------. The Chicago Race Riots, July, 1919. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Howe, 1919.

----------. Complete Poems. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1969.

----------. Letters of Carl Sandburg. Ed. Herbert Mitgang. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World, 1968.

Sandburg, Carl, and Lilian Steichen. The Poet and the Dream Girl: The Love Letters of Lilian Steichen and Carl Sandburg. Ed. Margaret Sandburg. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1987.

Tuttle, William M., Jr. Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919. New York: Atheneum, 1970.

Van Wienen, Mark W. Partisans and Poets: The Political Work of American Poetry in the Great War. New York: Cambridge UP, 1997.

----------. "Taming the Socialist: Carl Sandburg's Chicago Poems and Its Critics." American Literature 63.1 (March 1991): 89-103.

Whipple, T. K. Spokesmen: Modern Writers and American Life. New York: D. Appleton, 1928.

White, William. "Lindsay/Masters/Sandburg: Criticism from 1950-1975." The Vision of This Land: Studies of Vachel Lindsay, Edgar Lee Masters, and Carl Sandburg. Ed. John E. Hallwas and Dennis J. Reader. Macomb: Western Illinois University, 1976. 114-28.

Yannella, Philip R. The Other Carl Sandburg. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1996.